PPF Workshop on Work Motivation
October 30, 2003
Speaker,M. Afzal Janjua
Pakistan Press Foundation (PPF) organised a workshop for journalists on Work Motivation at its Vicky Zeitlin Media Library October 30, 2003.
Noted Education Consultant and faculty member of Hamdard University Karachi M. Afzal Janjua defined motivation by explaining various theories of needs and management and administrative systems and said motivation is the willingness to exert a persistent and high-level of effort towards organisational goals, conditioned by the effort’s ability to satisfy some individual needs.
There is no concept of motivation in government departments and organisations and administrative approach is applied to yield maximum out of employees, which is the basic reason behind poor performance of public sector organisations in Pakistan.
According to him, recognition and money were the two most important motivators while recognition of services of any employee has an edge over award of monetary befits. “However, recognition of services or efforts is useless unless there is some monetary benefits attached to it”, he added.
Citing difference between working atmosphere at government and corporate sector organisations, Mr. Janjua said in private sector organisations, management approach is applied and incentives are offered to employees to improve their performance. Clarifying some myths, he said every motivated person could not b
Some of the participants at the workshop
e a high performing employee, as high performance needs support and ability adding that motivation is only one factor. Defending young people, he maintained that in most cases they are more motivated than those born between 1940 and 1960. It is a myth that everyone is interested in a challenging job as there are many who like routine work if paid less.
He termed achievement, recognition, work, responsibility, advancement and growth as factors leading to satisfaction whereas company policy, relationship with peers/subordinates, relationship with supervision, work conditions status and security if used in negative connotations egad to dissatisfaction. Arguing that type of work influence motivation, he said independent contractual workers, contingent workers, minimum or wage-service workers, people required to do highly repetitive work and professionals feel no motivation while nature of the contract with the employer also affects motivation.
Mr. Janjua suggested that man-job matching, continuous training and education, employee-involving programs, variable and skill-based pay plans, employee recognition programs and company specific programs should be arranged for better work motivation. “In this world where skill and knowledge count, it does not make sense to treat people as jobholders. It makes sense to treat them as people with specific skills and to pay them for those skills”, he concluded.
|List of Speakers|
|M. Afzal Janjua||
|Hamdard University Karachi|